Hagia Sophia

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1354

The Church of the Holy wisdom

It’s known as the Hagia Sophia in Greek, Sancta Sophia in Latin and Ayasofya in Turkish.
It’s widely acknowledged as an architectural revolution.
This massive structure was the largest Cathedral the world had known for nearly a thousand years and is said to have changed the history of architecture.
The city from which the Hagia Sophia would eventually rise had been known as Byzantium.
Legend has it that Constantine the first rename the city new Rome, but its citizens insisted on the name Constantinople in his honor.
Constantine the Great was the first emperor to declare himself for Christian and ruled the Empire from his namesake city.




The Hagia Sophia was built around 530 ad by the great byzantine emperor justinian the first, the last Latin speaking mark of the Roman Empire.
Constantinople had become the most important city in the Roman Empire at this time and the Basilica dominated the heart of the city.
The accomplished Roman general Belisarius was vital to the funding of the majestic church.
His campaigns over the Ostrogoths and mandles amass much wealth for the Empire.
This was the seed of the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople for centuries every byzantine emperor was crowned here.
it took over 10,000 men and just under six years to build the church an unbelievable accomplishment for its time.
When it was finished Justinian is said to have exclaimed Solomon I have outdone thee.
Originally the surface of the interior was covered in gold mosaic.
Treasures included the remains of two Saints the true cross the hammer nails of the passion swaddling clothes of Christ the table from the last supper and the chains of St. Peter

Remaining today or a column from the temple of the sun in Rome and columns a green marble from the temple of artemis at ephesus and almost 33 meters wide it ad the most prodigiously dome ceiling in the world.
Combined with its height of forty nine meters it would remain the largest church on the globe for the next seven hundred years.
it was an outstanding example of Byzantine wealth and grandeur.
The original mosaic that adorn the interior were replaced when it was converted to a mosque in the 1400
The Byzantine mosaics are gradually being exposed but only those on the higher gallery levels this is so Muslims are not confronted with Christian imagery in the main chamber of the building which served as a mosque for nearly five hundred years.
Mosaic from around the 10th century features the Virgin Mary with Constantine and Justinian on the right
Constantine the Great is presenting a model of the city of Constantinople and
to the left Emperor Justinian is presenting the church of the Hagia Sophia.
Here crisis flanked by Constantine the ninth and Emperor so II both in ceremonial costumes.
He is offering a donation to the church while she is holding a scroll with a record of her donations.
One of the best-known mosaics in the Hagia Sophia this is called a day assist mosaic.
it depicts a triumph in Christ on Judgment Day.
Flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist.
This marble door led to the meeting chamber for ecclesiastical councils meetings of high clergy to decide on religious issues.
1453 would mark the end of the Byzantine Empire
After siege that lasted eight weeks the Sultan of the Ottoman Turks had accomplished what no other invader could the great walls of the invincible city of Constantinople were breached bringing an end to an empire that had endured for more than 11 hundred years
the city was renamed Istanbul and mehmet the conqueror declared himself the new Ceaser of Rome
The Ottomans converted to haji Sophia into a mosque the bells alter another Christian vestiges were removed and many of the mosaics were plastered over
Islamic features including four minarets were added.
The ground level most of the decorations are Islamic this beautiful marble structure is an example of that.
The mirror manish found in all mosques indicates the direction of Mecca
The grand Sultan’s loge built by two swiss architects the fossati brothers
In the mid eighteen hundreds the facade e brothers were commissioned to renovate the interior.
Their work included the addition of these calligraphic Randall’s that remain today.
It remained a mosque until nineteen thirty-five
of all the buildings Justinian built during his 38 years as Roman Emperor none would be revered more than the Hagia Sophia it was the Church of all future
Byzantine emperors for more than 900 years haja sofia had been the most important building in the Eastern Christian world and the grandest church in all the world as the Sun set on the Byzantine Empire so did the Hagia Sophia fade into
history…

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